Classification of Normal and Abnormal Heart Sounds Using Empirical Mode Decomposition and First Order Statistic

Keywords: Heart Sound, EMD, First Order Statistic, Mutual Information, k-NN, k-Fold Cross Validation


Analysis of heart sound signals for automatic segmentation and classification has revealed in recent decades that it has the potential to detect pathology accurately in clinical applications. Various audio signal processing techniques have been used to reduce the subjectivity of heart sound analysis. This study aims to classify normal and abnormal heart sound signals. The feature extraction process was optimized by EMD and calculated using five first-order statistical parameters: mean, variance, kurtosis, skewness, and entropy. The classification system is optimized with a mutual information algorithm to select traits that can significantly improve system performance. In addition, the selection of the optimal system configuration also includes the k-fold cross-validation and kNN methods with k values ​​and the proper distance type. Based on the test results, the highest accuracy of 98.2% was obtained when the value of k = 1 and the type of cosine distance on kNN with a five-fold cross-validation system evaluation model.


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How to Cite
Hilman Fauzi, Achmad Rizal, Mazaya ’Aqila, Alvin Oktarianto, and Ziani Said, “Classification of Normal and Abnormal Heart Sounds Using Empirical Mode Decomposition and First Order Statistic”,, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 82-88, Apr. 2023.
Research Paper